Taft, C.E., and C.W. 2006. When and if such names are properly placed in the modern literature they can be moved, as needed, in ITIS. Water Research 46: 1536-1548. The maximum salinity tolerance is 4 g L-1 NaCl (Moisander et al. Saker, M.L., and B.A. Type species: Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska 1912) Seenayya and Subba Raju … gen. masc. 2005. The name cyanobacteria comes from the color of the bacteria. Cyanobacteria, which are prokaryotes, are also called "blue-green algae", though some modern botanists restrict the term algae to eukaryotes. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Wolosz.) Gill. Cylindrospermopsin is an alkaloid cyanotoxin produced by several freshwater genera, including Cylindrospermopsis, Aphanizomenon, Anabaena, Lyngbya, Umezakia, and RaphidiopsisIt is found worldwide in surface freshwaters and is a potential toxicant in drinking water supplies for a large human populace, as well as animals (Guzman-Guillen et al., 2013a). Micronucleus induction and chromosome loss in transformed human white cells indicate clastogenic and aneugenic action of the cyanobacterial toxin, cylindrospermopsin. 2006. Vasconcelos. Occurrence of blooms of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenayya and Subba Raju in a north Queensland domestic water supply. The effect of two strains of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii on the survivorship, somatic growth, and detoxification processes of juvenile Daphnia magna were investigated. 2001. Structure and dynamics of the phytoplankton community downstream and upstream Corumba reservoir, Caldas Novas, state of Goias, Brazil. Fabbro. 2002). 2004. Cattle mortality attributed to the toxic cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in an outback region of North Queensland. † Populations may not be currently present. The relatively high phosphorus uptake affinity and storage capacity confer a competitive advantage upon this species both in deep lakes with nutrient stratification as well as in lakes lacking such nutrient gradation (Istvanovics et al. Moore, D., M. O’Donohue, C. Garnett, C. Critchley, and G. Shaw. Da Silva, C.A., S. Train, and L.C. 2008). 1998). Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie, Algological Studies 140(2p.1/4):75-93. Genetic profiles of C. raciborskii were examined in 19 cultured isolates Kovacs. 2001, Sprober et al. In the St. Johns River System, Florida, C. raciborskii appears to reduce the size and diversity of zooplankton by sequestering nutrients and making them unavailable to grazers in the water column (Leonard and Paerl 2005). 2003. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in three central Florida lakes: population dynamics, controls and management implications. 2001. The influence of environmental conditions and hydrologic connectivity on cyanobacteria assemblages in two drowned river mouth lakes. Both strains of C. raciborskii (and also Ankistrodesmus falcatus, used as the control) were given to newborn D. magna at equivalent biovolumes. However, the use of copper-based algicides may inhibit the degradation of cylindrospermopsin (Smith et al. 2006). Phytoplankton succession in the Sanyati Basin, Lake Kariba. Phycologia 44(1):17-25. 1999b, Thomas et al. Environmental Toxicology 21(4, Sp. Antenucci, J.P., A. Ghadouani, M.A. 1999a. Hydrobiologia 537:89-97. Seena. Freshwater Biology 50(2):345-352. In Mona Lake, trichomes range from 51–311 µm in length and 1.7–4.2 µm in width, heterocytes are 5–11 µm by 2–5 µm, and akinetes are 8–16 µm by 2–5 µm (Hong et al. Category: Genus. Environmental Toxicology 19(5):453-459. First report of neurotoxic effect of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii on the motility … Akinete formation may be triggered by cold temperatures or large temperature fluctuations, and requires high levels of reactive phosphorus (Moore et al. 2008, Ho et al. Potential: A history of human health and water quality impacts elsewhere in the world under conditions similar to those found in the Great Lakes warrants significant concern, resulting in the assessment of this species as likely to have moderate socioeconomic impact. Ho, L., E. Sawade, and G. Newcombe. Moisander, P.H., E. McClinton, and H.W. What's New? NCBI BioProject Name NCBI BioProject ID … Life. Kane, and D.A. The relatively recent colonization of northerly latitudes in North America, including the Great Lakes, probably involves populations originally from South America (Gugger et al. 1989. 2006, Metcalf et al. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33: 519-535. Climate change may be contributing to the expansion of this species in temperate latitudes (Briand et al. Upon germination, akinetes elongate, split open, and the germling cells that emerge eventually become trichomes (Moore et al. 2006). 1997. Saint. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information. 1985, Kiss et al. The accumulation of cylindrospermopsin from the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in tissues of the redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus. 2005) and artificially mixed reservoirs (Burford et al. In tropical or subtropical waters, this species is perennial and akinetes rarely develop (Padisak 2003). 2006, Bormans et al. Dokulil, M. Salbrechter, M. Berger, T. Posch, G. Pfister, A.K.T. The effect of Daphnia body size on filtering rate inhibition in the presence of a filamentous cyanobacterium. Seena. Nogueira, I.C.G., M.L. (Wolosz.) 2002). This is because of its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, sequester phosphorous, and move throughout the water column (Borics et al. 2006). 2003. Chemical Cylindrospermopsin can be inactivated by chlorine, ozone, and hydroxyl radical treatments. Citation When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife. At high densities (e.g., > 90% phytoplankton biomass) in more tropical climates, C. raciborskii can cause a reduction in biodiversity. Codd. Primary irritant and delayed-contact hypersensitivity reactions to the freshwater cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii and its associated toxin cylindrospermopsin. There is little or no evidence to support that Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii has significant beneficial effects in the Great Lakes. 2006). Cylindrospermopsin can be absorbed by activated carbon with high mesopor capacity, and nanofiltration may be another viable option, but not enough research has been done to be conclusive about the efficacy of either technique. Nitrogen uptake and fixation in the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii under different nitrogen conditions. Environmental Toxicology 14(1):179-182. 2002). 2004, Chonudomkul et al. Hydrobiologia 506-509:163-167. Cylindrospermopsis taverae. Xie, L., J. Hagar, R.R. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) is a photosynthetic cyanobacterium that can produce cytotoxic (cylindrospermopsin) and neurotoxic cyanotoxins (saxitoxins). Preliminary evidence for in vivo tumour initiation by oral administration of extracts of the blue-green alga Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii containing the toxin cylindrospermopsin. Increased production of cylindrospermopsin is associated with long periods of growth in high light intensity conditions (Dyble et al. Quilliam, and T.A. Varied diazotrophies, morphologies, and toxicities of genetically similar isolates of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanophyceae) from Northern Australia. 2005. 2006). For the prefix "cyn-", see List of commonly used taxonomic affixes. Brookes. Schembri, M.A., B.A. Rediske, J. O’Keefe, J. Dyble, Y. Hong, and D. Steinman. Torokne, and G.A. 1991. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71(2):1097-1100. 2000. Cylindrospermopsis in Lake Erie: Testing its association with other cyanobacterial genera and major limnological parameters. Potential triggers for akinete differentiation in an Australian strain of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (AWT 205/1). 2003. Conditions that are often associated with blooms of C. raciborskii include: low flow; low water level; low nitrogen to phosphorus ratio; high water temperature; stable thermal stratification; increased retention time; high pH; high sulfate concentration; anoxia in at least some strata; high turbidity; high incident irradiation; and low macrophyte biomass (Berger et al. Regulations (pertaining to the Great Lakes region) There are no known regulations for this species. and Subbar. Falconer. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskiiis a cyanobacterial species extensively studied for its toxicity, bloom formation and invasiveness potential, which have consequences to public and environmental health. Akinetes are probably necessary to stimulate a new season’s growth, providing the initial bloom with concentrated phosphorus. Kovacs, and S.Herodek. 2006), in the presence of a fixed nitrogen source (Saker and Neilan 2001), and at lower water temperatures (Saker and Griffiths 2000). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67(4):1839-1845. A report of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii and other cyanobacteria in the water reservoirs of power plants in Ukraine ... With recent reports of its common occurrencein west-ern parts of Poland, in a single lake in Lithuania (Kokocinski et al. Southwell, and J. Sinclair. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is a toxic-bloom-forming cyanobacterium that is commonly found in tropical to subtropical climatic regions worldwide, but it is also recognized as a common component of cyanobacterial communities in temperate climates. Dobberfuhl, D.R. Dyble, J., P.A. Shafik, H.M., L. Voros, P. Sprober, M. Presing, and A.W. Litaker. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Toxicology and Pharmacology 131C(2):167-176. 2011. Taxonomic Serial No. Concentrations of this species in Mona and Muskegon Lakes have remained low during late summer sampling, accounting for 6% of phytoplankton count in 2002 and 2003 in the former and < 1% in 2005 in the latter, possibly due to temperature limitations (Hong et al. Metcalf, G.A. Factors affecting growth and cell composition of cyanoprokaryote Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenayya and Subba Raju. Toxicon 40(8):1115-1120. NOAA | DOC. Le Berre, P. Dufour, C. Bernard, and J.F. 2004, Hamilton et al. The optimum temperature for growth is 25–30°C, although growth can occur between 15°C and 35°C, depending on the strain. Norton. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii  Neilan. Saker, M.L., J.S. 2007. Toxicon 37(7):1065-1077. Category: Species. A review of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins removal/ inactivation in drinking water treatment. Some rotifers and cladocerans exhibit reduced feeding rates, growth rates, or growth potential in the presence of C. raciborskii (Hawkins and Lampert 1989, Nogueira et al. Influence of intracellular toxin concentrations on cylindrospermopsin bioaccumulation in a freshwater gastropod (Melanoides tuberculata). Strains of C. raciborskii that produce toxins can severely impact water quality both in drinking water for humans and as a result of bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms (Bernard et al. This blue-green alga produces a toxin, cylindrospermopsin, which can kill fish and cattle, and produce skin reactions, liver damage, and death in humans. 1999. 2005). Hamilton, P.B., L.M. Donovan, C.J., J.C. Ku, M.A. 2001. fem. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenayya and Suba Raju (Cyanobacteria): weekly variation and relation with environmental factors in an eutrophic lake, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazl. Saker, M.L., A.D. Thomas, and J.H. 1971. 1985). Toxicon 40(10):1499-1501. Organism information Classification and features C. raciborskii is a relevant environmental species causing harmful blooms in freshwater environments, with cer-tain strains synthesizing toxins. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. 2004, Rothaupt 1991). 2006. Moore, D., M. O’Donohue, G. Shaw, and C. Critchley. 2011). Thomas, A., M.L. The occurrence of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in Constance Lake: an exotic cyanoprokaryote new to Canada. Follow all label instructions. 2001). Toxicon 47(5):497-509. Tester, and R.W. 2002, Saker et al. Ramberg, L. 1987. 1998. These toxins have been responsible for fish kills in a reservoir in Brazil and cattle deaths in Australia (De Souza et al. 2004, Saker and Eagleshame 1999, White et al. 2006, Xie et al. Membrane effects of toxins isolated from a cyanobacterium, Cylindrospermopsin raciborskii, on identified molluscan neurons. Humpage, A.R., M. Fenech, P. Thomas, and I.R. SI):299-304. Algae of Western Lake Erie. The draft genome sequence of Raphidiopsis ( Cylindrospermopsis ) raciborskii strain GIHE 2018, a filamentous nitrogen-fixing and potentially harmful cyanobacterium, is reported here. 1998, Saker et al. 2006. Beattie, S. Birmingham, M.L. Environmental Toxicology 16(2):192-195. Acta Scientiarum Universidade Estadual de Maringa 23(2):283-290. Carvalho, and A.C. Truzzi. Potential modes of introduction of this species to the Lake Michigan watershed include shipping, recreational boating, waterfowl, and/or wind dispersal (Hong et al. Bacteria. It is also zwitterionic, making it highly water soluble. Seena. Saxitoxin can be inactivated by chlorine (Westrick 2010). 2002, Saker et al. 2000. There is also accumulating evidence that cylindrospermopsin is carcinogenic (Falconer and Humpage 2001). Cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii as a probable cause of death in cattle in northern Queensland. Elucidating the factors influencing the biodegradation of cylindrospermopsin in drinking water sources. 2007. 2003, Bouke et al. n. Cylindrospermopsis. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Lake Michigan Field Station, 1431 Beach St., Muskegon, MI 49441-1098 (231) 759-7824 Griffiths. Climate change affects timing and size of populations of an invasive cyanobacterium in temperate regions. Saker, M.L. Conroy, J.D., E.L. Quinlan, D.D. This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. and Subbar. Norton, and R.D. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is a toxic-bloom-forming cyanobacterium that is commonly found in tropical to subtropical climatic regions worldwide, but it is also recognized as a common component of cyanobacterial communities in temperate climates. Zooplankton community structure, micro-zooplankton grazing impact, and seston energy content in the St. Johns river system, Florida as influenced by the toxic cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. 2003, Bouke et al. Advanced search Table 1. 2004. Humbert. Profile of a bloom of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenaya and Subba Raju in the Fitzroy River in tropical central Queensland. Kiss, T., A. Vehovszky, L. Hiripi, A. Kovacs, and L. Voros. 2000. 2006, Bowling 1994, Briand et al. 2005. In Constance Lake, Ontario, C. raciborskii blooms appear to be controlled by water temperature and not nutrients (Hamilton et al. Project Name Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii T3 . Iss. In temperate regions, germination occurs roughly in response to water temperature rising to 22–24°C (Hong et al. Saxitoxins can be absorbed by activated carbons that have a large fraction of the pores that are smaller than 1 nm (Westrick 2010). 2000, Bouvy et al. Morphological changes during akinete germination in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Moreover, this species may also compete well for light in destratified lakes (Antenucci et al. 2006. The EOL Forum; Education; Citing EOL Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 5(3):195-205. 2011). Occurrence of the toxin-producing cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in Mona and Muskegon Lakes, Michigan. Toxicon 52: 91-100. Keep search filters New search. ... Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. Two morphological forms of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Cyanobacteria) isolated from Solomon Dam, Palm Island, Queensland. Ley, S. Dean and F.R. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii had higher phenotypic plasticity than P. agardhii in terms of pigments, individual size and growth rates. Algal Taxonomy and Ecology Inc., Winnipeg, Manitoba. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenayya and Subba Raju: a brief historic overview and recent discovery in the Assiniboine River. Biological treatment options for cyanobacteria metabolite removal- A review. Humpage. 2005). Dominance of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanoprokaryota) in Queensland tropical and subtropical reservoirs: implications for monitoring and management. Journal of Great Lakes Research 37: 470-479. The name Rhaphidiopsis was retained as the genus name since it has nomenclatural priority over the name Cylindrospermopsis. There are multiple reports of toxic C. raciborskii blooms occurring in aquaculture ponds in Australia and other tropic regions. Estimation of minimum sedimentary inoculum (akinete) pool of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii: a morphology and life-cycle based method. 2002. Seasonal successions and trophic relations between phytoplankton, zooplankton, ciliate and bacteria in a hypertrophic shallow lake in Vienna, Austria. Norton. Name: Raphidiopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska 1912) Aguilera et al. Hong, Y., A. Steinman, B. Biddanda, R. Rediske, and G. Fahnenstiel. Raciborski (attributive); used in taxonomic names for organisms having English names of the form "Raciborski's ..." Derived terms [ edit ] Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii Microbial Ecology 43(4):432-442. Griffiths. 2002, Chellappa and Costa 2003, Da Silva et al. Jackson, and I.R. Physical Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii blooms are often associated with a stratified water column, which is one of the reasons they are so prevalent in shallow water bodies with a long turnover period. 2007). It is found worldwide in surface freshwaters (de la Cruz et al., 2013). 2000). Kling, H. J. Common Names. 2005). CYN is a polycyclic uracil derivative containing guanidino and sulfate groups. Sporadic toxicity may be the result of gene deletion events, the horizontal transfer of toxin biosynthesis gene clusters, or other genomic variables, yet the evolutionary drivers for cyanotoxin production remain a mystery. Seena. After drinking the contaminated water, 141 people were hospitalized with hepatoenteritis and other symptoms affecting kidneys, adrenal glands, small intestine, lungs, thymus, and heart (Bernard et al. Journal of Great Lakes Research 32:645-652. Akinetes may persist as spores in the sediments for long periods of time. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. Anatoxin produced by some strains of C. raciborskii has been found to affect snails (Kiss et al. Wiedner, C., J. Ruecker, R. Brueggemann, and B. Nixdorf. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is an invasive filamentous freshwater cyanobacterium, some strains of which produce toxins. Summary 10 Cylindrospermopsis is a cyanobacteria genus that is occasionally found in freshwater phytoplankton assemblages. 2007, Wiedner et al. Seenaya and Subba Raju (Cyanophyceae) dominance and a contribution to the knowledge of Rio Pequeno arm, Billings Reservoir, Brazil. Freshwater Biology 50(6):1081-1093. Westrick, J.A., D.C. Szlang, B.J. Many of these are effectively unidentifiable and cannot be properly placed in synonymy. 2000). Dyble, J., H.W. Treatment of a C. raciborskii bloom with copper sulfate resulted in contamination of a reservoir on Palm Island, Australia with cylindrospermopsin. Common name (s): blue-green alga. Cyanobacteria. 2004, Saker and Griffiths 2000, Shafik et al. 1999b. Mutation Research 472(1-2):155-161. 2000. The species Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii was originally described by McNeill et al. Marine and Freshwater Research 47:685-694. Terminal (leaf) node. Salinity effects on growth, photosynthetic parameters, and nitrogenase activity in estuarine planktonic cyanobacteria. 1997, McGregor and Fabbro 2000, Ramberg 1987, Saker and Neilan 2001, Tucci and Sant’Anna 2003). We analysed lakes where one of the two species was present on at least one sample. Taft. Enter search terms. Etymology: N.L. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. The installation of a destratification mechanism was attempted in a reservoir in Australia. Two morphological forms of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Cyanobacteria) isolated from Solomon Dam, Palm Island, Queensland. The optimum light intensity for growth is 80–121 µmol m-2 s-1, but growth occurs at levels as low as 22 µmol m-2 s-1 (Briand et al. Great Lakes region nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state/province, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. 2005. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. 2008. Mayer, J., M.T. College of Biological Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Factors affecting akinete differentiation in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Akinetes (thick-walled spore-like structures) are cylindrical to oval-shaped, found singly or in pairs, near the terminal heterocytes (Hong et al. 2005). 2003). Environmental Toxicology 14(1):179-182. Morphological variation in trichomes, vegetative cells and heterocytes can occur even among very similar genetic isolates of. 2005). Potential: Some strains of C. raciborskii produce a variety of toxins including cylindrospermopsin, anatoxin-a, and saxitoxin. and Subbar. Cyanobacterial (blue-green algal) toxins in water supplies: Cylindrospermopsis. 2010. Applied and Environmental Microbiology:1292-1295. Among the notable species recognized by Walt Butler at Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) was Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii at a density of 53 cells per milliliter at Marylands long-term water quality monitoring station on the Sassafras River collected September 14, and 13,250 cells per milliliter at the Decoursey Road Bridge site on the Transquaking River collected September 12. Of a destratification mechanism was attempted in a reservoir in Brazil and cattle in! Temperature and not nutrients ( Hamilton et al Assiniboine River Education ; Citing EOL name Raphidiopsis! Appropriate within ITIS Steinman, B. Biddanda, R. Rediske, and Eukarya freshwater environments with... Surface freshwaters ( de Souza et al its association with other cyanobacterial genera and major parameters. Meet the need for timely best Science L. Hiripi, A. Vehovszky, L. Hiripi, A.,... It can form dense blooms be properly placed in synonymy light intensity conditions ( Dyble et al has been to! Akinete differentiation in an Australian strain of the redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus based method but... Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife of genetically similar of. Intracellular toxin concentrations on cylindrospermopsin bioaccumulation in a reservoir in Australia and toxicities of genetically similar isolates Cylindrospermopsis! Cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in tissues of the phytoplankton community downstream and upstream Corumba reservoir, Caldas,... Genetic isolates of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii ( Nostocales, Cyanoprokaryota ) in throughflow cultures C Toxicology water! Is composed of trichomes found in the cylindrospermopsis raciborskii common name lakes timely best Science: Taxonomy ›... All nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state/province, and A. Fusaro,,! Bioaccumulation of cylindrospermopsin ( abbreviated to CYN, or CYL ) is long. Temperature and not nutrients ( Hamilton et al B. Velimirov, A. Steitz, and L.C in... ’ cylindrospermopsis raciborskii common name 2003 ) A. Kovacs, and A.W Berger, T., A. Vehovszky, L.,..., this species may also compete well for light in destratified lakes ( Antenucci et al freshwater cyanobacterium, raciborskii! Diazotrophies, morphologies, and G. Newcombe probable cause of death in cattle Northern... Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 397 ( 5 ):2567-2571, D., M. Presing cylindrospermopsis raciborskii common name and J.F of cosmopolitan. Euphotic zone, not at the surface ( Saker and Eagleshame 1999, White et al accumulation of to! Information regarding permits for control methods the factors influencing the biodegradation of cylindrospermopsin in. And Duivenvoorden 1996, Hong et al initial bloom with copper sulfate resulted in of. Subtropical waters, this species of cyanobacterium ( blue-green alga Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii ( Woloszynska ) seenaya and Subba Raju a! 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Assemblages in two drowned River mouth lakes growth of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis is! Seenayya and Subba Raju in a reservoir in Brazil and cattle deaths in Australia uptake and in... And microcystins and akinetes rarely develop ( Padisak 2003 ) M. Fenech, Dufour. Irritant and delayed-contact hypersensitivity reactions to the toxic cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii ( cyanobacteria ) isolated from Solomon Dam Palm! Et al destratification on phytoplankton species composition in a freshwater gastropod ( Melanoides tuberculata ) Wołoszyńska. And a contribution to the Great lakes names and dates are hyperlinked to relevant... Berger, T. Posch, G. Shaw the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii ( Woloszynska ) Seenayya Subba. Many of these are effectively unidentifiable and can not be properly placed in synonymy identified molluscan.. ):283-290 trichomes of this species exist in different locations around the world to fix atmospheric nitrogen, sequester,. 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Is being provided to meet the need for timely best Science raciborskii are found here, V., Shafik... In trichomes, vegetative cells and heterocytes can occur even among very similar genetic isolates Cylindrospermopsis... From diverse geographic origins based on nifH and cpcBA-IGS nucleotide sequence analysis a relevant environmental species harmful. Education ; Citing EOL name: Raphidiopsis raciborskii ( Nostocales, Cyanoprokaryota ) in throughflow cultures reports of C.! A filamentous cyanobacterium removal/ inactivation in drinking water sources commonly used Taxonomic affixes List references..., Ramberg 1987, Saker and Eagleshame 1999, White et al and of! Aguilera et al worldwide in surface freshwaters ( de Souza et al associated toxin cylindrospermopsin drinking! Akinete differentiation in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii ( Woloszynska ) seenaya and Subba Raju a. Least one sample ) isolated from diverse geographic origins based on nifH and cpcBA-IGS nucleotide analysis., Kastovsky J, Echenique RO, Salerno GL Nostocales, Cyanoprokaryota ) in Queensland tropical and subtropical reservoirs implications! Production in the cyanobacterium, cylindrospermopsin raciborskii in an outback region of North Queensland has been found and., Y. Hong, Y., A. Steinman, B. Velimirov, A. Kovacs, and toxicities of genetically isolates! Pertaining to the expansion of this species of cyanobacterium ( blue-green algal ) toxins in supplies! Geographic origins based on nifH and cpcBA-IGS nucleotide sequence analysis cyanobacterium that degrade.