The Ontario Archaeological Society is a registered charitable organization that promotes the ethical practice of archaeology. From these burials, a total of 349 glass beads and 30 shell beads were recovered – probably belonging to garment embroidery or necklace jewellery. Epipaleolithic Neolithic c. 7500 BCE Iron Age Roman. The thin tubular beads were dated to circa A.D. 1670-1687 (Sempowski 1989: 88-9). In 1995, archaeological evidence of Iroquoian settlement was discovered nearby. Ontario Archaeological Society – The Ontario Archaeological Society is a registered charitable organization. Reviewing archaeological reports to make sure they comply with the Ontario Heritage Act, the terms and conditions of licence and other ministry requirements, such as the. 16. The animals (like caribou) that liked the cold moved north. The Ontario Archaeological Society. Mayer, Pihl, Poulton and Associates Incorporated, 1988    The Archaeology Facility Master Plan Study of the Northeast Scarborough Study Area, Volume III. ... ontario archaeological society 292. pan-andromeda archaeological survey 293. pan andromeda archaeological survey 294. paphos archaeological … 20. It uses a GIS-based mapping framework to identify areas of pre-contact and historic archaeological potential. Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa: Earlier Stone Age. In the 1940s, archaeologists uncovered multiple burials at the site of Ganestiquiagon (also known as Bead Hill), a seventeenth-century Seneca village at the mouth of the Rouge River in Pickering, Ontario. Unpublished Report submitted to the City of Scarborough. ... Three Archaeological Symposia. The two-storey hospital opened in June of 1829 and other buildings were constructed nearby soon afterwards to care for the influx of typhus, or “ship fever,” patients –  a result of the spike in Irish immigration after the potato famine in the 1840s. This database contains archaeological sites Home Tourism Culture Sport Grants and Awards Newsroom Contact Us. Excavations were completed by Archaeological Services Inc. and were required to determine if remains of the hospital had survived. The European part of the Historic period is often divided into periods itself, because of the different types of artifacts that were the most common in each. population of Ontario was probably only 100 to 200 people in the earliest periods. Ontario Archaeology Guide This colourful guide can help amateur and professional archaeologists to recognize diagnostic objects from the Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Early, Middle and Late Woodland pre-contact periods, as well as pre-1835 post-contact historical, and Early, Middle and Late Nineteenth-Century periods. We currently have over 22,000 reports on file. Providing guidance on how to comply with the terms and conditions of their licences and meet other ministry requirements for fieldwork and reporting. The image shows the pipe discovered “in situ” – which literally translates to “in position” in Latin – and is a term used by archaeologists to describe an artifact exactly where it was found. This projectile point was found during the 2006-2010 excavations of the first Toronto General Hospital site at 326-358 King Street West in downtown Toronto – now home to the TIFF Bell Lightbox. There is no indication of Paleo-Indians having hunted mastodons in Ontario although a Licensed archaeologists can contact us when begining an archaeological assessment or a research project to get information from the database about archaeological sites near the property they will be investigating. The Archaeological Management Plan is a city-wide initiative that identifies lands that may hold archaeological resources. The Toronto Archaeological Potential Map identifies areas of potential archaeological interest. The excavations yielded tens of thousands of artifacts relating to the hospital, but also one object that was certainly not an early nineteenth-century Euro-Canadian belonging. Their choices of site locations may indicate that they were hunting migratory caribou as these locations would have been travelled by caribou in their seasonal round. The broken tip suggests that the point was damaged on impact, likely while flying through an animal target, and the style of the projectile point is a sign that it could be between 3,000 and 7,000 years old. The sub-periods include: 1. Section 65.1 of the Ontario Heritage Act provides for a register of archaeological reports. We maintain the Ontario Public Register of Archaeological Reports. Researchers, engineers and lawyers acting on behalf of property owners also obtain this information to ensure sites are conserved. The Interim Report – A Master Plan of Archaeological Resources for the City of Toronto, August 2004 (now referred to as The City of Toronto’s Archaeological Management Plan) identifies areas of archaeological potential and requires archaeological assessments on these lands prior to development. 24 of The Women’s Canadian Historical Society of Toronto. This means that unless you are a licensed archaeologist, it is illegal for you to dig an archaeological site or dive on a shipwreck to record its condition or remove and keep artifacts. If the report does not comply with ministry requirements, our letter identifies concerns with the report and requests further archaeological fieldwork and/or revisions to address the concerns. We then provide the consultant archaeologist with a letter. 13 Chapters: 110 p. 20+ figures ($6.00)A volume of contributed papers from archaeologists representing both the public and private sectors. The beads from the burial have since been repatriated and reburied. Archaeology is the study of past human cultures through the investigation of archaeological sites. Archaeological Research Associates Ltd. Archaeological Service. 1. Archaeological Consulting in Ontario, Papers of the London Conference – Fox, William A. We enter this information into the Ontario Archaeological Sites Database. In Proceedings of the 1986Shell Bead Conference, edited by Charles F. Hayes and Lynn Ceci, pp. 1600). 1) has long been recognized as a location with high probability for submerged prehistoric archaeology (Jackson, 1998;McAndrews, 1984). We maintain the Ontario Archaeological Sites Database As a condition of their licence, licensed archaeologists must fill in and submit site forms to us. The general public, students and professional alike are encouraged to become members of the Society and to support its co-ordinating role in helping to record and preserve our non-renewable cultural heritage. Overall, sixteen longhouses were recorded, eleven areas of activity were documented and three waste deposits were hand-excavated. Our Archaeology Review Officers support licensed archaeologists by: Our Heritage Planners support municipalities and approval authorities by providing recommendations on how to best conserve archaeological resources within their communities. Southern Ontario Prehistoric Time Periods and Projectile Points. People there hunted the caribou, like the people in southern Ontario had done a long time before. In the end, 19,645 artifacts were recovered – including the miniature pipe – and analyzed in the laboratories of ASI. Archaeological assessments are a common requirement in advance of development in Ontario. The museum will remain closed to general walk-up admissions and large groups as we actively monitor the COVID-19 situation in the Middlesex-London community and adjust our services as required. We maintain the Ontario Archaeological Sites Database. Protecting these sites has become increasing important since landscape change has […] The glass beads resemble those from Seneca Boughton Hill and Rochester Junction sites, dating to the late 1600s (Wray 1983: 45). 1924, 28 pages. Learn more about archaeological licensing, Standards and Guidelines for Consultant Archaeologists, Reporting Requirements for Archaeologists. They divided the archaeological record in the Americas into 5 phases, only three of which applied to North America. In Proceedings of the 1982 Glass Trade Bead Conference, edited by Charles F. Hayes, pp. Many of the long tubular beads showed eroded surfaces and iron staining – this suggests they came in contact with an iron object, such as a knife or axe, which may have also been buried. As a condition of their licence, licensed archaeologists must fill in and submit site forms to us. The contemporary period extends from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present day. The data and information includes site location, type of site, history of research, cultural affinities, artifact collection location, research date, and other such information. 1989    Fluctuations Through Time in the Use of Marine Shell at Seneca Iroquois Sites. Government of Ontario: Ministry of Tourism and Culture . The point types are accessible under the following time periods. Municipalities and First Nations regularly contact us for sites database information within their communities for land-use planning purposes. The rest of the excavations took 8 months to complete. Planning regulations require different levels of cultural investigation depending on criteria, such as, landscape topography, presence of known historic or prehistoric sites or proximity to water and other resources. Protecting these sites has become increasing important since landscape change has been occurring at an ever-increasing rate. The discovery of the projectile point with the broken tip was certainly a bit of a surprise to the archaeologists working at the hospital excavation. jonesianum) seeds is reported from the Early Woodland (930–915 cal BC) Tutela Heights site (AgHb-446) in Brantford, Ontario, Canada.This is the northernmost report of the crop, approximately 800 km northeast of Kentucky where the previous northernmost occurrences contemporary with Tutela Heights are reported. This miniature conical flared pipe was found during the 2000 archaeological excavation of the Alexandra Site in Scarborough. list of archaeological periods 255. list of archaeological sites 256. list of archaeological sites by country 257. list of archaeological sites in bahrain 258. 81-96. These forms provide data and information about the archaeological sites found during fieldwork. Advising them on technical issues related to archaeological fieldwork. Discovered among the burials was an assortment of glass and shell beads. The shell beads included 16 thin tubular beads and 14 small white wampum (the name given to original, indigenous North American shell beads). 1923-1924 Annual Report and Transaction No. Miniature pipes are interesting finds in that, although they are frequently found at Iroquois sites, they are too small to have functioned as real smoking pipes and are therefore interpreted as being personal charms or tokens. Les navigateurs désuets ne disposent pas de caractéristiques sécuritaires permettant d’assurer la sécurité de vos renseignements. In northern Ontario, it was still cool from the glaciers. In fact, this mid- to late-fourteenth century, or 1350-1400 AD ancestral Huron-Wendat site turned out to be 2.6 hectares in size and supported up to one thousand people during the height of its occupation. During the investigations, a number of long trenches were excavated, revealing foundations of the old hospital and its formal grounds. The Paleo-Indians stage and/or Lithic sta… Middle Stone Age Later Stone Age Neolithic c. 4000 BCE Bronze Age (3500 – 600 BCE) Iron Age (550 BC – 700 CE) Classic Middle Ages (c. 700 – 1700 CE) Asia Near East Levantine Vous utilisez un navigateur désuet qui n’est plus accepté par Ontario.ca. Also, detailed information regarding the period is available upon selecting the appropriate title and includes a corresponding point type list. Take the journey from the end of the Ice Age all the way through to contact with the European settlers. Toronto is one of the largest, most culturally diverse municipalities in North America and has a cultural history that began approximately 11,000 years ago. On average, we receive approximately 3,000 archaeological reports a year from licensed archaeologists. The archaeological sites that are the physical remains of this lengthy settlement history represent a fragile and non-renewable cultural legacy. The Ontario Archaeological Society is a registered charitable organization that promotes the ethical practice of archaeology. The image here is of identical beads from a non-burial context from a site that is contemporaneous with Ganestiquiagon. Rice Lake, located 40 km north of Lake Ontario (Fig. Toronto is one of the largest, most culturally diverse municipalities in North America and has a cultural history that began approximately 11,000 years ago. Ministry staff will review and respond to additional reporting once submitted. The difference was that the people in northern Ontario used the same, improved kinds of tools as the people in southern Ontario. Notes on the Founding of Christ Church, Campbellford, by This site is still available for historical and informational reasons, but none of the services or products described here are available anymore. In Ontario, information concerning archaeological sites is stored in the Ontario Archaeological Sites Database (OASD) maintained by the Ministry of Culture. periods. The Interim Report – A Master Plan of Archaeological Resources for the City of Toronto, August 2004, Overview: City-wide Heritage Survey Feasibility Study, Meetings & Events: City-wide Heritage Survey Feasibility Study, Information & Reports: City-wide Heritage Survey Feasibility Study, Heritage Conservation Districts & Studies. Its discovery remains a mystery…. Their Archaeology Licence Cards include their name, licence number, type of licence and licence expiry date. These forms provide data and information about the archaeological sites found during fieldwork. The approximately 7,000 reports currently in the register were all filed with the ministry by licensed archaeologists after the 2005 amendments to the act and comply with ministry requirements. The Archaeological Institute of America presented the 2016 Conservation and Heritage Management Award to Heritage Preservation Services and Archaeological Services Inc. for work in developing, implementing and maintaining an Archaeological Management Plan for the City of Toronto. 1. Learn more about archaeological licensing. The shell beads were produced on the mid-Atlantic coast from marine shell for trade with Aboriginal populations. One of the most enduring classifications of archaeological periods and cultures was established in Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips' 1958 book Method and Theory in American Archaeology. In Canada, the prehistoric record extends back as much as 30 000 years (see Prehistory) in unglaciated portions of the northern Yukon. Archaeologists have defined four major time periods in Ontario: Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Woodland and Historic. Ministry staff review reports prepared by licensed archaeologists, including archaeological assessment reports, to ensure that the licensed archaeologist has met the terms and conditions of his or her licence (PDF), including our requirements for fieldwork and reporting. At Parks Canada, Jeff worked on archaeological projects relating to the Precontact and Post Contact periods in Ontario and worked throughout Ontario at a number of sites, including canal sites, Precontact villages and 19th century military sites. Approval authorities can use this letter to verify that a development proponent has addressed concerns for archaeological sites on the property that was assessed. The Archaeology of Ontario: A Summary. Archaeological finds from the various time periods give clues to life in the past. The Ontario Archaeological Society provides a concise summary of the archaeology of the province, from post ice-age geography and environment, through the first people of North America including pre-contact Archaic and Woodland periods, to the contact period, the French period (1650-1763 AD), and the English period (1760-1867 AD). Gerald Schaus (PhD, University of Pennsylvania) is Professor Emeritus, Archaeology and Classical Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University (Waterloo, Ontario) and Past President of the Canadian Institute in Greece.He is a Classical archaeologist specializing in ceramics, art, and iconography of the Archaic period in Greece. These tests revealed a total of 249 artifacts, and the collection provided enough evidence to suggest the area was home to a rather large site. Southwestern Ontario: 13,000 Years of History. A cache of charred, domesticated chenopod (Chenopodium berlandieri subsp. A Checklist for the Non-Specialist “Archaeological potential” is a term used to describe the likelihood that a property contains archaeological resources. The glass trade beads were manufactured in Europe and traded by the Dutch, French and English to Aboriginal populations. We advise and support licensed archaeologists, municipalities and approval authorities. If the report complies with ministry requirements, our letter confirms that we have entered it into the Ontario Public Register of Archaeology Reports. This portion of the act determines priorities, policies and programs for the conservation of archaeological resources determined to have cultural heritage value. The archaeological sites that are the physical remains of this lengthy settlement history represent a fragile and non-renewable cultural legacy. Many historians place its beginning in 1789 or at the Congress of Vienna in 1815), which marks the end of the Napoleonic period. The artifacts found reflected several periods of habitation dating from A.D. 700 to A.D. 1400 and included the remains of decorated ceramic pots, vessels for cooking and storage, and stone tools. Programs & Services Branch 401 Bay Street, Suite 1700 Toronto ON M7A 0A7. Stage classification. This database currently documents almost 30,000 sites in the province, and we add about 800 to 1,000 new sites each year as a result of archaeological investigations. 1. 1983    Seneca Glass Trade Beads, c. A.D. 1550-1820. Rochester Museum and Science Center Research Records No. The general public, students and professional alike are encouraged to become members of the Society and to support its co-ordinating role in helping to record and preserve our non-renewable cultural heritage. Nonprofit Organization. 41-50. It is possible that the projectile point lay in this area after it was lost by hunters, but we will never know for certain how it ended up at the site of the Toronto General Hospital. According to archaeologist Dana Poulton (1988), the burials were discovered when “the children of a family who were camped in the adjacent park in the valley were digging an underground fort in the late 1930s or 1940s and discovered a human skull.”. The approval authority — under the Planning Act, usually the municipality where the new subdivision is located — will include the requirement for an archaeological assessment as one of the conditions for development approval to ensure that the development proponent meets their legal obligations under the Ontario Heritage Act. The area the site was discovered was planned for a subdivision development and Toronto-based consulting firm, Archaeological Services Inc. (ASI), conducted initial investigations of the area by digging some test pits. They help development proponents and approval authorities to determine whether archaeological sites are likely to be on a particular property. The Museum of Ontario Archaeology welcomes you back as we open for pre-booked, guided tours of our galleries and the Lawson archaeological site! 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